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In the mid–1970s, there was a renewal of the women’s movement in India which was called the second phase of the Indian women’s movement. There was the growth of what is termed as the autonomous women’s movements.  

(A) How can these movements be called autonomous?

(B) Write about any one ideological change that was noticed in the autonomous women’s movement.

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(A) The term ‘autonomy’ referred to the fact that they were ‘autonomous’ or independent from political parties as distinct from those women’s organisations that had links with political parties.

(B) There has been a recognition too that while all women are in some way disadvantaged vis-a-vis men, all women do not suffer the same level or kind of discrimination.

There has also been greater recognition that both men and women are constrained by the dominant gender identities.